Module Import 04CV2002 - Computer Vision in Medicine 1

Status: Published
Workload6 ECTS = 180 hrs
Credits, Weight6 ECTS, (n.s.)
Language of Instruction German
Semester (n.s.)
Duration1 Sem.
M/E Elective
Courses
Course No. Type Name MA/EL Workload Credits Contact Hours Selfstudy Group Size
04CV2002-1 Lecture Computer Vision in Medicine 1 (n.s.) 3 ECTS = 90 hrs - 2 hrs/week = 30 hrs 60 hrs (n.s.)
Learning Outcomes

Die Veranstaltung vermittelt die Grundlagen der medizinischen Bildverarbeitung in Theorie und Praxis. Theorie der Bildentstehung, Bildverbesserung und Bildanalyse wird ebenso behandelt, wie die medizinischen Zusammenhänge. Die Realisierung in den Übungen durch geeignete Programmiersprachen vertieft das Verständnis der Verfahren.

Content
  1. Medical Imaging
    1. X-ray
    2. CT
    3. MRI
    4. PET
    5. DICOM
  2. Fourier Transformation
    1. Taylor Series
    2. Fourier Transformation
    3. Discrete Fourier Transformation
  3. Reconstruction
    1. Filtered Backprojection
    2. Fourier Slice Theorem
    3. Convolution
    4. Backprojection
    5. Algebraic Reconstruction
      1. ART – Weights
      2. Kaczmarz
      3. Cimmino
  4. Preprocessing 1
    1. Point-Oriented Operations
      1. Thresholding
      2. Windowing
    2. Local Filters
      1. Average Filter
      2. Median Filter (…, Minimum, Maximum)
      3. Binomial Filter (Gaussian)
      4. Sigma Filter
      5. Sharpen
      6. Edge Detection Filter
    3. Global Filters
      1. Histogram Equalization
    4. Convolution Theorem
  5. Parametric Mapping
  6. Preprocessing 2
    1. Preliminaries
      1. Derivative
      2. Gradient
      3. Divergence
      4. Laplace
    2. Diffusion Filter
      1. Heat Equation
      2. Perona-Malik Diffusion
      3. Anisotropic Diffusion
    3. Computation
    4. Additive Operator Splitting
    5. Thomas Algorithm
    6. Edge Detection
  7. Preprocessing 3
    1. Bilateral Filter
    2. Sigmoid Filter
    3. L0 Gradient Minimization
    4. Frangi Filter
    5. Wiener Filter
    6. Hole Filling
      1. Band Limit
      2. Laplace Equation
  8. Image Segmentation
    1. Manual Segmentation
    2. Point-Oriented Procedures
      1. Otsu
    3. Edge-Oriented Procedures
      1. LiveWire (Dijkstra)
    4. Region-Oriented Procedures
      1. Region Growing, Watershed Transform
    5. Model-Oriented Procedures
      1. Snakes
    6. Representation
  9. Image Segmentation 2
    1. Cluster Analysis
    2. Graph Cut
    3. Level Sets
    4. Active Shape Model
    5. Evaluation of Segmentation Results
  10. Registration
    1. Transformations & Iterative Closest Point
    2. Quaternions
    3. Voxel-based Registration
    4. Non-linear Voxel-based Registration
    5. Demon-based Registration
  11. Quantitative Image Analysis
    1. Basic Image Analysis
      1. Distances, angles, areas, volumes
    2. Texture Analysis
      1. Haralick
      2. Laws
      3. Power Spectrum
    3. Fractal Image Analysis
      1. Fractal Dimension
      2. Hausdorff Dimension
      3. Box Counting Dimension
  12. Classification
    1. Naïve Bayes Classifier
    2. Maximum-Likelihood Estimation
    3. Expectation Maximization
    4. Multivariate Normal Distribution
    5. Euclidean Classifier & k-Nearest Neighbors Algorithm
    6. Evaluating Classification
04CV2002-1 - Computer Vision in Medicine 1
  1. Grundlagen
    • Bildmodalitäten
    • Historie
    • Gerätetypen
    • DICOM und PACS
    • Medizinische Grundbegriffe
  2. Vorverarbeitung geordnet nach Modalitäten
    • Röntgenbilder
    • Kamerakalibrierung
    • Endoskopische Bilder
    • Kernspin-Bilder
    • SPECT und PET
  3. Rekonstruktion
    • Fourier-Slice Theorem und gefilterte Rückprojektion
    • Algebraische Rekonstruktion
    • Probabilistische Rekonstruktionsverfahren
  4. Fusion und Registrierung
    • Maximale Transformation
    • Merkmalsbasierte Registrierung
    • Interpolationsverfahren
  5. Fallstudien in der Medizin
    • Radiologie
    • Innere Medizin
Teaching Methods

(not specified)

Prerequisites

(not specified)

Examination Methods

Klausur

Credit Requirements

(not specified)

References

(not specified)

04CV2002-1 - Computer Vision in Medicine 1

H. H. Ehricke, Medical Imaging: digitale Bildanalyse und -kommunikation in der Medizin, Vieweg., Wiesbaden 1997

T. M. Lehman E. Meyer zu Bexten, Handbuch der Medizinischen Informatik, Carl Hanser Verlag, München 2002

J. Hornegger, D. Paulus, Medical Computer Vision, Springer, 2006

Responsible / Organizational Unit
Lawonn, Kai / Institute for Computational Visualistics
Additional Information

(not specified)

Last change
Apr 24, 2018 by Frey, Johannes
Last Change Module
Sep 24, 2018 by Frey, Johannes